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JAMB Physics Syllabus For 2023
So many candidates have been asking me to post the latest Physics syllabus by Jamb. That is exactly what I have done. See the newly updated Jamb physics syllabus below..
The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Physics is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:
(1) sustain their interest in physics;
(2) develop attitude relevant to physics that encourage accuracy, precision and objectivity;
(3) interpret physical phenomena, laws, definitions, concepts and other theories;
(4) demonstrate the ability to solve correctly physics problems using relevant theories and concepts.
JAMB Physics Syllabus For 2023
Below is a detailed list of JAMB Physics syllabus/Content
1. Measurements And Units
TOPICS:
 Length, area and volume: Metre rule, Venier calipers Micrometer Screwguage, measuring cylinder
 Mass
 unit of mass
 use of simple beam balance
 concept of beam balance
 Time
 unit of time
 timemeasuring devices
 Fundamental physical quantities
 Derived physical quantities and their units
 Combinations of fundamental quantities and determination of their units
 Dimensions
 definition of dimensions
 simple examples
 Limitations of experimental measurements
 accuracy of measuring instruments
 simple estimation of errors.
 significant figures.
 standard form.
 Measurement, position, distance and displacement
 concept of displacement
 distinction between distance and displacement
 concept of position and coordinates
 frame of reference
Student’s Objective On this Topic:
You focus while studying this topics are to:
 Identify the units of length, area and volume;
 Use different measuring instruments;
 Determine the lengths, surface areas and volume of regular and irregular bodies;
 Identify the unit of mass;
 Use simple beam balance, e.g Buchart’s balance and chemical balance;
 Identify the unit of time;
 Use different timemeasuring devices;
 Relate the fundamental physical quantities to their units;
 Deduce the units of derived physical quantities;
 Determine the dimensions of physical quantities;
 Use the dimensions to determine the units of physical quantities;
 Test the homogeneity of an equation;
 Determine the accuracy of measuring instruments;
 Estimate simple errors;
 Express measurements in standard form.
2. Scalars and Vectors
TOPICS:
 Definition of scalar and vector quantities
 Examples of scalar and vector quantities
 Relative velocity
 Resolution of vectors into two perpendicular directions including graphical methods of solution.
Student’s Objectives On This Topic:
You focus while studying this topics are to:
 Distinguish between scalar and vector quantities;
 Give examples of scalar and vector quantities;
 Determine the resultant of two or more vectors;
 Determine relative velocity;
 Resolve vectors into two perpendicular components;
 Use graphical methods to solve vector problems;
3. Motion
TOPICS:
 Types of motion: translational, oscillatory, rotational, spin and random
 Relative motion
 Causes of motion
 Types of force
 contact
 force field
 Linear motion
 speed, velocity and acceleration
 equations of uniformly accelerated motion
 motion under gravity
 distancetime graph and velocity time graph
 instantaneous velocity and acceleration.
 Projectiles:
 calculation of range, maximum height and time of flight from the ground and a height
 applications of projectile motion
 Newton’s laws of motion:
 inertia, mass and force
 relationship between mass and acceleration
 impulse and momentum
 force – time graph
 conservation of linear momentum (Coefficient of restitution not necessary)
 Motion in a circle:
 angular velocity and angular acceleration
 centripetal and centrifugal forces.
 applications
 Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M):
 definition and explanation of simple harmonic motion
 examples of systems that execute S.H.M
 period, frequency and amplitude of S.H.M
 velocity and acceleration of S.H.M
 simple treatment of energy change in S.H.M
 force vibration and resonance (simple treatment)
Student’s Objectives On This Topic:
You objectives while studying this topic are:
 identify different types of motion ;
 solve numerical problem on collinear motion;
 identify force as cause of motion;
 identify push and pull as form of force
 identify electric and magnetic attractions, gravitational pull as forms of field forces;
 differentiate between speed, velocity and acceleration;
 deduce equations of uniformly accelerated motion;
 solve problems of motion under gravity;
 interpret distancetime graph and velocitytime graph;
 compute instantaneous velocity and acceleration
 establish expressions for the range, maximum height and time of flight of projectiles;
 solve problems involving projectile motion;
 solve numerical problems involving impulse and momentum;
 interpretation of area under force – time graph
 interpret Newton’s laws of motion;
 compare inertia, mass and force;
 deduce the relationship between mass and acceleration;
 interpret the law of conservation of linear momentum and application
 establish expression for angular velocity, angular acceleration and centripetal force;
 solve numerical problems involving motion in a circle;
 establish the relationship between period and frequency;
 analyse the energy changes occurring during S.H.M
 identify different types of forced vibration
 enumerate applications of resonance.
4. Gravitational Field
TOPICS:
 Newton’s law of universal gravitation;
 gravitational potential;
 conservative and nonconservative fields;
 acceleration due to gravity;
 variation of g on the earth’s surface;
 distinction between mass and weight; escape velocity;
 parking orbit and weightlessness.
Student’s Objectives:
You should be able to:
 identify the expression for gravitational force between two bodies;
 apply Newton’s law of universal gravitation;
 give examples of conservative and nonconservative fields;
 deduce the expression for gravitational field potentials;
 identify the causes of variation of g on the earth’s surface;
 differentiate between mass and weight;
 determine escape velocity
5. Equilibrium of Forces
TOPICS:
 equilibrium of particles:
 equilibrium of coplanar forces
 triangles and polygon of forces
 Lami’s theorem
 principles of moments
 moment of a force
 simple treatment and moment of a couple (torque)
 applications
 conditions for equilibrium of rigid bodies under the action of parallel and nonparallel forces
 resolution and composition of forces in two perpendicular directions,
 resultant and equilibrant
 centre of gravity and stability
 stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 apply the conditions for the equilibrium of coplanar forces to solve problems;
 use triangle and polygon laws of forces to solve equilibrium problems;
 use Lami’s theorem to solve problems;
 analyse the principle of moment of a force;
 determine moment of a force and couple;
 describe some applications of moment of a force and couple;
 apply the conditions for the equilibrium of rigid bodies to solve problems;
 resolve forces into two perpendicular directions;
 determine the resultant and equilibrant of forces;
 differentiate between stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium.
6. Work, Energy and Power
TOPICS:
 Definition of work, energy and power
 forms of energy
 conservation of energy
 qualitative treatment between different forms of energy
 interpretation of area under the forcedistance curve
 Energy and society
 sources of energy
 renewable and nonrenewable energy eg coal, crude oil etc
 uses of energy
 energy and development
 energy diversification
 environmental impact of energy eg global warming, green house effect and spillage
 energy crises
 conversion of energy
 devices used in energy production.
 Dams and energy production
 location of dams
 energy production
 Nuclear energy
 Solar energy
 solar collector
 solar panel for energy supply.
7. Friction
TOPICS:
 static and dynamic friction
 coefficient of limiting friction and its determination.
 advantages and disadvantages of friction
 reduction of friction
 qualitative treatment of viscosity and terminal velocity.
 Stoke’s law.
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between static and dynamic friction
 determine the coefficient of limiting friction;
 compare the advantages and disadvantages of friction;
 suggest ways by which friction can be reduced;
 analyse factors that affect viscosity and terminal velocity;
 apply Stoke’s law.
8. Simple Machines
TOPICS:
 definition of simple machines
 types of machines
 mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of machines
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 identify different types of simple machines;
 solve problems involving simple machines.
9. Elasticity
TOPICS:
 elastic limit, yield point, breaking point, Hooke’s law and Young’s modulus
 the spring balance as a device for measuring force
 work done per unit volume in springs and elastic strings
 work done per unit volume in springs and elastic strings.
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 interpret forceextension curves;
 interpret Hooke’s law and Young’s modulus of a material;
 use spring balance to measure force;
 determine the work done in spring and elastic strings
10. Pressure
 Atmospheric Pressure
 definition of atmospheric pressure
 units of pressure (S.I) units (Pa)
 measurement of pressure
 simple mercury barometer, aneroid barometer and manometer.
 variation of pressure with height
 the use of barometer as an altimeter.
 Pressure in liquids
 the relationship between pressure, depth and density (P = ρρgh)
 transmission of pressure in liquids (Pascal’s Principle)
 application
11. Liquids At Rest
TOPICS:
 determination of density of solids and liquids
 definition of relative density
 upthrust on a body immersed in a liquid
 Archimedes’ principle and law of floatation and applications, e.g. ships and hydrometers.
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 distinguish between density and relative density of substances;
 determine the upthrust on a body immersed in a liquid
 apply Archimedes’ principle and law of floatation to solve problems
12. Temperature and Its Measurement
TOPICS:
 concept of temperature
 thermometric properties
 calibration of thermometers
 temperature scales Celsius and Kelvin.
 types of thermometers
 conversion from one scale of temperature to another
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 identify thermometric properties of materials that are used for different thermometers;
 calibrate thermometers;
 differentiate between temperature scales e.g Celsius and Kelvin.
 compare the types of thermometers;
 convert from one scale of temperature to another.
13. Thermal Expansion
TOPICS:
 Solids
 definition and determination of linear, volume and area expansivities
 effects and applications, e.g. expansion in building strips and railway lines
 relationship between different expansivities
 Liquids
 volume expansivity
 real and apparent expansivities
 determination of volume expansivity
 anomalous expansion of water
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 determine linear and volume expansivities;
 assess the effects and applications of thermal expansivities
 determine the relationship between different expansivities.
 determine volume, apparent, and real expansivities of liquids;
 analyse the anomalous expansion of water.
14. Gas Laws
TOPICS:
 Boyle’s law (isothermal process)
 Charles’ law (isobaric process)
 Pressure law (volumetric process
 absolute zero of temperature
 general gas equation (PVTPVT = constant)
 ideal gas equation Eg. Pv = nRT
 Van der waal gas
See Also:
 JAMB Recommended PHYSICS Textbooks
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 interpret the gas laws;
 use expression of these laws to solve numerical problems.
 interpret Van der waal equation for one mole of a real gas
15. Quantity of Heat
TOPICS:
 heat as a form of energy
 definition of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of solids and liquids
 determination of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of substances by simple methods e.g method of mixtures and electrical method and Newton’s law of cooling
Student’s Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between heat capacity and specific heat capacity;
 determine heat capacity and specific heat capacity using simple methods;
 solve numerical problems.
16. Change of State
TOPICS:
 latent heat
 specific latent heats of fusion and vaporization;
 melting, evaporation and boiling
 the influence of pressure and of dissolved substances on boiling and melting points.
 (application in appliances
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between latent heat and specific latent heats of fusion and vaporization;
 differentiate between melting, evaporation and boiling;
 examine the effects of pressure and of dissolved substance on boiling and melting points.
 solve numerical problems
17. Vapours
TOPICS:
 unsaturated and saturated vapours
 relationship between saturated vapour pressure (S.V.P) and boiling
 determination of S.V.P by barometer tube method
 formation of dew, mist, fog, and rain
 study of dew point, humidity and relative humidity
 hygrometry; estimation of the humidity of the atmosphere using wet and dry bulb hygrometers.
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 distinguish between saturated and unsaturated vapours;
 relate saturated vapour pressure to boiling point;
 determine S.V.P by barometer tube method
 differentiate between dew point, humidity and relative humidity;
 estimate the humidity of the atmosphere using wet and dry bulb hygrometers.
 solve numerical problems
18. Structure of Matter and Kinetic Theory
TOPICS:
 Molecular nature of matter
 atoms and molecules
 molecular theory: explanation of Brownian motion, diffusion, surface tension, capillarity, adhesion, cohesion and angles of contact etc
 examples and applications.
 Kinetic Theory
 assumptions of the kinetic theory
 using the theory to explain the pressure exerted by gas, Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, melting, boiling, vapourization, change in temperature, evaporation, etc.
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between atoms and molecules;
 use molecular theory to explain Brownian motion , diffusion, surface, tension, capillarity, adhesion, cohesion and angle of contact;
 examine the assumptions of kinetic theory;
 interpret kinetic theory, the pressure exerted by gases Boyle’s law, Charles law melting, boiling vaporization, change in temperature, evaporation, etc.
19. Heat Transfer
TOPICS:
 conduction, convection and radiation as modes of heat transfer
 temperature gradient, thermal conductivity and heat flux
 effect of the nature of the surface on the energy radiated and absorbed by it.
 the conductivities of common materials.
 the thermos flask
 land and sea breeze
 engines
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between conduction, convection and radiation as modes of heat transfer;
 solve problems on temperature gradient, thermal conductivity and heat flux;
 assess the effect of the nature of the surface on the energy radiated and absorbed by it;
 compare the conductivities of common materials;
 relate the component part of the working of the thermos flask;
 differentiate between land and sea breeze.
 to analyse the principles of operating internal combustion jet engines, rockets
20. Waves
TOPICS:
 Production and Propagation
 wave motion,
 vibrating systems as source of waves
 waves as mode of energy transfer
 distinction between particle motion and wave motion
 relationship between frequency, wavelength and wave velocity V = f λ
 phase difference, wave number and wave vector
 progressive wave equation e.g Y=Asin2πλ(vt±x)Y=Asin2πλ(vt±x)
 Classification
 types of waves; mechanical and electromagnetic waves
 longitudinal and transverse waves
 stationary and progressive waves
 examples of waves from springs, ropes, stretched strings and the ripple tank.
 Characteristics/Properties
 reflection, refraction, diffraction and plane Polarization
 superposition of waves e.g interference
 beats
 Doppler effects (qualitative treatment only)
21. Propagation of Sound Waves
TOPICS:
 the necessity for a material medium
 speed of sound in solids, liquids and air;
 reflection of sound; echoes, reverberation and their applications
 disadvantages of echoes and reverberations
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 determine the need for a material medium in the propagation of sound waves;
 compare the speed of sound in solids, liquids and air;
 relate the effects of temperature and pressure to the speed of sound in air;
 solve problem on echoes, reverberation and speed
 compare the disadvantages and advantages of echoes.
 solve problems on echo, reverberation and speed of sound
22. Characteristics of Sound Waves
TOPICS:
 noise and musical notes
 quality, pitch, intensity and loudness and their application to musical instruments;
 simple treatment of overtones produced by vibrating strings and their columns F0=12LTμ−−√F0=12LTμ; (μ=mlμ=ml)
 acoustic examples of resonance
 frequency of a note emitted by air columns in closed and open pipes in relation to their lengths.
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between noise and musical notes;
 analyze quality, pitch, intensity and loudness of sound notes;
 evaluate the application of (ii) above in the construction of musical instruments;
 identify overtones by vibrating strings and air columns;
 itemize acoustical examples of resonance;
 determine the frequencies of notes emitted by air columns in open and closed pipes in relation to their lengths.
23. Light Energy
TOPICS:
 Sources of Light:
 natural and artificial sources of light
 luminous and nonluminous objects
 Propagation of light
 speed, frequency and wavelength of light
 formation of shadows and eclipse
 the pinhole camera.
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 compare the natural and artificial sources of light;
 differentiate between luminous and non luminous objects;
 relate the speed, frequency and wavelength of light;
 interpret the formation of shadows and eclipses;
 solve problems using the principle of operation of a pinhole camera.
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24. Reflection of Light at Plane and Curved Surfaces
TOPICS:
 laws of reflection.
 application of reflection of light
 formation of images by plane, concave and convex mirrors and ray diagrams
 use of the mirror formula 1f=1u+1v1f=1u+1v
 linear magnification
25. Refraction of Light Through at Plane and Curved Surfaces
TOPICS:
 Explanation of refraction in terms of velocity of light in the media.
 laws of refraction
 definition of refractive index of a medium
 determination of refractive index of glass and liquid using Snell’s law
 real and apparent depth and lateral displacement
 critical angle and total internal reflection
 Glass Prism
 use of the minimum deviation formula U=sin[A+D2]sin[A2]U=sin[A+D2]sin[A2]
 type of lenses
 use of lens formula 1f=1u+1v1f=1u+1v and Newton’s formula (F22 = ab)
 magnification
26. Optical Instruments
TOPICS:
 the principles of microscopes, telescopes, projectors, cameras and the human eye (physiological details of the eye are not required)
 power of a lens
 angular magnification
 near and far points
 sight defects and their corrections
27. Dispersion of light and colours
TOPICS:
 Dispersion of white light by a triangular prism
 production of pure spectrum
 colour mixing by addition and subtraction
 colour of objects and colour filters
 rainbow
 Electromagnetic spectrum
 description of sources and uses of various types of radiation.
28. Electrostatics
TOPICS:
 existence of positive and negative charges in matter
 charging a body by friction, contact and induction
 electroscope
 Coulomb’s inverse square law, electric field and potential
 electric field intensity and potential difference
 electric discharge and lightning
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 identify charges;
 examine uses of an electroscope;
 apply Coulomb’s square law of electrostatics to solve problems;
 deduce expressions for electric field intensity and potential difference;
 identify electric field flux patterns of isolated and interacting charges;
 analyse the distribution of charges on a conductor and how it is used in lightening conductors.
29. Capacitors
TOPICS:
 Types and functions of capacitors
 parallel plate capacitors
 capacitance of a capacitor
 the relationship between capacitance, area separation of plates and medium between the plates. ( C=EAdC=EAd )
 capacitors in series and parallel
 energy stored in a capacitor
30. Electric Cells
TOPICS:
 simple voltaic cell and its defects;
 Daniel cell, Leclanche cell (wet and dry)
 lead acid accumulator and NickelIron (Nife) Lithium lron and Mercury cadmium
 maintenance of cells and batteries (detail treatment of the chemistry of a cell is not required)
 arrangement of cells
 Efficiency of a cell
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 identify the defects of the simple voltaic cell and their correction
 compare different types of cells including solar cell;
 compare the advantages of leadacid and Nickel iron accumulator;
 solve problems involving series and parallel combination of cells.
31. Current Electricity
TOPICS:
 electromagnetic force (emf), potential difference (p.d.), current, internal resistance of a cell and lost Volt
 Ohm’s law
 measurement of resistance
 meter bridge
 resistance in series and in parallel and their combination
 the potentiometer method of measuring emf, current and internal resistance of a cell.
 electrical networks
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between emf, p.d., current and internal resistant of a cell;
 apply Ohm’s law to solve problems;
 use metre bridge to calculate resistance;
 compute effective total resistance of both parallel and series arrangement of resistors;
 determine the resistivity and the conductivity of a conductor;
 measure emf. current and internal resistance of a cell using the potentiometer.
 identify the advantages of the potentiometer
 apply Kirchoff’s law in electrical networks
32. Electrical Energy and Power
TOPICS:
 concepts of electrical energy and power
 commercial unit of electric energy and power
 electric power transmission
 heating effects of electric current.
 electrical wiring of houses
 use of fuses
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 apply the expressions of electrical energy and power to solve problems;
 analyse how power is transmitted from the power station to the consumer;
 identify the heating effects of current and its uses;
 identify the advantages of parallel arrangement over series
 determine the fuse rating
33. Magnets and Magnetic Fields
TOPICS:
 natural and artificial magnets
 magnetic properties of soft iron and steel
 methods of making magnets and demagnetization
 concept of magnetic field
 magnetic field of a permanent magnet
 magnetic field round a straight current carrying conductor, circular wire and solenoid
 properties of the earth’s magnetic field; north and south poles, magnetic meridian and angle of dip and declination
 flux and flux density
 variation of magnetic field intensity over the earth’s surface
 applications: earth’s magnetic field in navigation and mineral exploration.
34. Force on a CurrentCarrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field
TOPICS:
 quantitative treatment of force between two parallel currentcarrying conductors
 force on a charge moving in a magnetic field;
 the d. c. motor
 electromagnets
 carbon microphone
 moving coil and moving iron instruments
 conversion of galvanometers to ammeters and voltmeter using shunts and multipliers
 sensitivity of a galvanometer
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 determine the direction of force on a current carrying conductor using Fleming’s lefthand rule;
 interpret the attractive and repulsive forces between two parallel currentcarrying conductors using diagrams;
 determine the relationship between the force, magnetic field strength, velocity and the angle through which the charge enters the field;
 interpret the working of the d. c. motor;
 analyse the principle of electromagnets and give examples of its application;
 compare moving iron and moving coil instruments;
 convert a galvanometer into an ammeter or a voltmeter.
 identify the factors affecting the sensitivity of a galvanometer
35. Electromagnetic Induction
TOPICS:
 Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction
 factors affecting induced emf
 Lenz’s law as an illustration of the principle of conservation of energy
 A.C. and D.C generators
 transformers
 the induction coil
 Inductance
 explanation of inductance
 unit of inductance
 energy stored in an inductor E=12I2LE=12I2L
 application/uses of inductors
 Eddy Current
 reduction of eddy current
 applications of eddy current
36. Simple A. C. Circuits
TOPICS:
 explanation of a.c. current and voltage
 peak and r.m.s. values
 a.c. source connected to a resistor;
 a.c source connected to a capacitor capacitive reactance
 a.c source connected to an inductor inductive reactance
 series RLC circuits
 vector diagram, phase angle and power factor
 resistance and impedance
 effective voltage in an RLC circuits
 resonance and resonance frequency Fo=12πLC√Fo=12πLC
37. Conduction of Electricity Through;
TOPICS:
 liquids
 electrolytes and nonelectrolyte
 concept of electrolysis
 Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
 application of electrolysis, e.g electroplating, calibration of ammeter etc.
 Gases
 discharge through gases (qualitative treatment only)
 application of conduction of electricity through gases
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 distinguish between electrolytes and nonelectrolytes;
 analyse the processes of electrolysis
 apply Faraday’s laws of electrolysis to solve problems;
 analyse discharge through gases;
 determine some applications/uses of conduction of electricity through gases.
38. Elementary Modern Physics
TOPICS:
 models of the atom and their limitations
 elementary structure of the atom;
 energy levels and spectra
 thermionic and photoelectric emissions;
 Einstein’s equation and stopping potential
 applications of thermionic emissions and photoelectric effects
 simple method of production of xrays
 properties and applications of alpha, beta and gamma rays
 halflife and decay constant
 simple ideas of production of energy by fusion and fission
 binding energy, mass defect and Einstein’s Energy equation [ΔE=ΔMC2ΔE=ΔMC2]
 waveparticle paradox (duality of matter)
 electron diffraction
 the uncertainty principle
39. Introductory Electronics
TOPICS:
 distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators (elementary knowledge of band gap is required)
 intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors;
 uses of semiconductors and diodes in rectification and transistors in amplification
 ntype and ptype semiconductors
 elementary knowledge of diodes and transistors
Objectives:
Candidates should be able to:
 differentiate between conductors, semi conductors and insulators;
 distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors;
 distinguish between electron and hole carriers;
 distinguish between ntype and ptype semiconductor;
 analyse diodes and transistor
 relate diodes to rectification and transistor to amplification.
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